Archive for: Institutionalization


We identify three categories of challenges that have to be addressed to maintain and enhance human health in the face of increasingly harmful environmental trends. Firstly, conceptual and empathy failures (imagination challenges), such as an over-reliance on gross domestic product as a measure of human progress, the failure to account for future health and environmental harms over present day gains, and the disproportionate effect of those harms on the poor and those in developing nations. Secondly, knowledge failures (research and information challenges), such as failure to address social and environmental drivers of ill health, a historical scarcity of transdisciplinary research and funding, together with an unwillingness or inability to deal with uncertainty within decision making frameworks. Thirdly, implementation failures (governance challenges), such as how governments and institutions delay recognition and responses to threats, especially when faced with uncertainties, pooled common resources, and time lags between action and effect.

Year: 2015

Source: The Rockefeller Foundation–Lancet Commission on Planetary Health

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Siaya County in Kenya’s Lake Victoria Basin is characterized by a rapidly growing population, high population density, water scarcity, falling food and fisheries production, and environmental degradation. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. Siaya County’s Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) identifies population dynamics, environmental degradation, and climate change as key development challenges. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Siaya County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

Year: 2013

Source: PAI

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Makueni County in Kenya’s Lake Victoria Basin is characterized by a rapidly growing population, water scarcity, falling food production,and low resilience to climate change. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. Makueni County’s Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) identifies population dynamics, environmental degradation, and climate change as key development challenges. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Makueni County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors, and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

Year: 2013

Source: PAI

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Kitui County in Kenya’s Lake Victoria Basin is characterized by a rapidly growing population, water scarcity, falling food production and low resilience to climate change. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. The county’s environmental action plan identifies population dynamics, environmental degradation and climate change as key development challenges. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Kitui County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

Year: 2013

Source: PAI

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Kisumu County in Kenya’s Lake Victoria Basin is characterized by a rapidly growing population, high population density, water scarcity, falling food production, and low resilience to climate change. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. The Kisumu County Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) identifies environmental degradation and climate change as key development challenges, but fails to link them to population dynamics. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Kisumu County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors, and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

Year: 2013

Source: PAI

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Homa Bay County is characterized by a rapidly growing population, high population density, falling food production, and low resilience to climate change. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. The county’s strategic plan identifies population dynamics, environmental degradation, and climate change as key development challenges. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Homa Bay County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors, and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

Year: 2014

Source: PAI

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This report contributes to the understanding of linkages between population dynamics, climate change, and sustainable development in Malawi, a country that typifies the core population and climate change challenges highlighted above. The report presents analyses of key population and climate change challenges that Malawi is facing, and identifies opportunities for enhancing integrated approaches to address these issues in Malawi based on an assessment of the policy and program landscape. The report is aimed at helping policymakers, donors, and civil society understand the importance of prioritizing population issues and climate change in development planning and resource allocation, and the need for integrated responses to these challenges in order to ensure sustainable development in Malawi.

Year: 2012

Source: PAI | African Institute for Development Policy

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The combined effects of climate change and population dynamics in Kenya are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty. However, these two issues are not prioritized and addressed together in the country’s development plans. The African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) and Population Action International (PAI) conducted a study in 2012 to assess the landscape for integrating population and climate change in Kenyan development policies and strategies.

Year: 2012

Source: PAI | African Institute for Development Policy

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The purpose of this workshop was to establish and operationalize PHE zones in the Republic of Uganda, with inputs from relevant national stakeholders. Participants included staff from the EAC Secretariat,  representatives from Uganda’s line ministries, various departments and agencies, research institutions; and the organizations Pathfinder International and Conservation Through Public Health. This report outlines the workshop proceedings, including a set of recommendations from the participating stakeholders.

Year: 2016

Source: East African Community

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Population Reference Bureau (PRB) coordinated a comparative study of population, health, and environment integration in East Africa. Teams from Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda assessed the state of PHE integration in their respective countries, including identifying relevant stakeholders; assessing the policy environment for cross-sectoral collaboration; highlighting the most salient population, health, and environment issues; and describing the current state of integration among projects, programs, and policies. An assessment of this “state of integration” was undertaken by an interdisciplinary team led by Pro-Biodiversity Conservationists in Kampala, Uganda, to explore in more detail population-health-environment (PHE) interactions and the opportunities for and challenges of cross-sectoral collaboration and integrated programming in Uganda. This policy brief is based on the Uganda PHE Assessment written by Elady Muyambi of Pro-Biodiversity Conservationists in Uganda, with assistance from members of the Uganda PHE Assessment team. The methods used for this assessment include a review of relevant policies, laws, and project docu-ments; key information interviews; and field visits to case study sites. The Uganda PHE Assessment was made possible with funding from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

Year: 2009

Source: Population Reference Bureau

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