This report explores whether there a scientific evidence base demonstrating that the use of family planning contributes to environmental sustainability. The Family Planning and Environmental Sustainability Assessment (FPESA) conducted a two-year collaborative review of more than 900 peer-reviewed research papers from around the world published from 2005 through early 2016. The findings generally affirm that the influence of voluntary family planning on environmental problems is both real and constructive. FPESA identified considerable evidence supporting—and very little refuting—that voluntary family planning promotes environmental benefits and that expanding access to it can help bring about an environmentally sustainable world that meets human needs. The report also concludes that the diversity of researchers interested in the family-planning connection to the environment is high. The report features the project’s findings, perspectives on major related issues by eight authors, and an annotated bibliography containing assessments of 50 of the most compelling papers relevant to the linkage.
Source: Worldwatch Institute