Archive for: Economic Development


Population, Health and Environment at Community Level in Madagascar

The USAID Population, Health and Environment (PHE) Integration Activity in Madagascar (2017-2019) was led by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. under the USAID Advancing Partners & Communities (APC) Project and USAID’s Community Capacity for Health Program. The PHE Integration Activity in Madagascar had the objective of studying, documenting, and promoting the effective integration of PHE activities with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, the Ministry of Public Health, and the Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Promotion of Women, and other stakeholders in Madagascar. The PHE Integration Activity ended in 2019, however the USAID Community Capacity for Health Program in Madagascar continued family planning, child health and monitoring and evaluation work in the same geographic areas.

The USAID Community Capacity for Health Program—known in Madagascar as Mahefa Miaraka—was a five-year (2016–2021) community-based integrated health program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The Program was a collaborative effort among the Ministry of Public Health, USAID, and JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. Mahefa Miaraka provided tools and capacity-building training to approximately 10,000 community health volunteers who provided basic maternal health, child health, and family planning services to their local communities.

Year: 2021

Source: John Snow, Inc.

Watch Part 1

Watch Part 2

Women as Environmental Stewards: The Experience of the Small Grants Programme

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is one of the major international climate funds, they’ve increasingly been incorporating a stronger gender perspective (to be more “gender responsive”) in their work. Their Small Grants Programme (SGP) launched this paper at the GEF Dialogue with Civil Society meeting . The paper attempts to “document good practices featuring women as environmental stewards and focuses exclusively on projects led and implemented by women.”

Year: 2018

Source: Global Environment Facility Partners

Access the resource

    Why Population Matters

    This report focuses on how population impacts many aspects of our lives, including issues as diverse as poverty, health, education, water, and forests. Population matters even more today because historically high numbers of people are intensifying these impacts on our well-being at a time when the demographic picture of the world is becoming increasingly complex. The report includes a glossary of population terms and explains how and why population matters to a variety of issues, including Maternal Health, Infectious Diseases and HIV/AIDS, Education and Labor, Poverty Reduction, Migration and Urbanization, Security, Food Security, Climate Change, Water Resources, Forests, and Biodiversity.

    Year: 2011

    Source: PAI

    Access the resource

      USAID Sustaining Partnerships to Enhance Rural Enterprise and Agribusiness Development (SPREAD) Project: Integrated Community Health Program Mid-Term Program Evaluation

      The overall goal of the Sustaining Partnerships to Enhance Rural Enterprise and Agribusiness Development (SPREAD) Project (2006-2011) was “to provide rural cooperatives and enterprises involved in high-value commodity chains with appropriate technical assistance and access to health-related services and information that will result in increased and sustained incomes and improved livelihoods.” SPREAD was a unique example of integrated programming within USAID, a “wraparound” project that receives funding across several technical areas in Health and Economic Growth. SPREAD’s design had its roots in the Population, Health and Environment (PHE) approach to development, which promotes multisectoral collaboration or “integration” to create synergy and improve project outcomes across programs, particularly at the community level. This evaluation reveals stakeholder perceptions of the integrated approach, shares successes, challenges and lessons learned, and makes recommendations to inform future funding of integrated programming.

      Year: 2010

      Source: Public Health Institute | United States Agency for International Development

      Access the resource

        Tuungane Project Baseline Ecological Study: An Assessment of the Near-shore Biodiversity of Lake Tanganyika in Mahale Mountains National Park and Surrounding Villages

        The Tuungane Project is a collaboration between The Nature Conservancy, Frankfurt Zoological Society, and Pathfinder International that seeks to address the most significant health and environmental issues within the Greater Mahale Ecosystem in Western Tanzania. The Tuungane Project’s current and planned freshwater resource conservation interventions include, but are not limited to, support for development of fisheries co-management institutions (Beach Management Units, or BMUs), protection of fish breeding sites and the existing Mahale freshwater protected area, micro-credit loans to BMU members, reduction of sedimentation through agricultural land use management interventions, education, and capacity-building. This ecological survey focused on the freshwater component of the Lake Tanganyika Ecosystem. The diverse and fascinating animal life of Lake Tanganyika is a rich biological treasure of global significance.

        Year: 2013

        Source: Tuungane Project

        Access the resource

          The History of PHE in Madagascar: Looking Back Over the Last 25 Years and Forward to the Next Chapter

          Madagascar has a rich history of integrated conservation and development initiatives. This report provides an overview of the evolution of the integrated PHE approach in Madagascar from the late 1980s through until the present day, along with a summary of opportunities and challenges relating to the scale up of this approach moving forward. It draws heavily on several excellent reports published during the mid-late 2000s, supplemented by grey literature and personal communications. This report is organised chronologically, with overlapping phases reflecting key developments in policy and practice. Major projects and players are highlighted at each stage, in addition to important approaches and lessons learned.

          Year: 2014

          Source: Blue Ventures | The Madagascar PHE Network

          Access the resource

            State of World Population 2009: Facing a Changing World: Women, Population, and Climate

            This 2009 flagship report argues that reproductive health care, including family planning, and gender relations could influence the future course of climate change and affect how humanity adapts to rising seas, worsening storms and severe droughts. Women, especially impoverished women in developing countries, bear the disproportionate burden of climate change, but are often largely overlooked in the debate about how to address problems of rising seas, droughts, melting glaciers and extreme weather. The report cites research demonstrating women’s higher vulnerability in natural disasters—especially where incomes are low and status differences between men and women are high. The international community’s fight against climate change is more likely to be successful if policies, programmes and treaties take into account the needs, rights and potential of women. The report shows that investments that empower women and girls—particularly education and health—bolster economic development, reduce poverty, and have a beneficial impact on climate change.

            Year: 2009

            Source: United Nations Population Fund

            Access the resource

              Scaling Up Community Forest Enterprises in Tanzania

              Across the globe, locally controlled forestry is gaining momentum, increasingly recognised for improving environmental resource management and bringing socio-economic returns to local communities. In short: it works for both people and forests. Since the 1990s, Tanzania has pioneered locally controlled forestry (also known as African participatory forest management). Supported by donors and NGOs, the government has transferred management of more than 2.5 million hectares of forest and woodland to local communities, restoring forests and improving environmental services. But converting and scaling up this transfer of natural capital into long-term economic benefits for communities remains a challenge. We present three emerging sustainable community forest enterprises that have delivered important social, economic and conservation benefits, and explore options for scaling up these approaches across Tanzania and elsewhere.

              Year: 2019

              Source: International Institute for Environment and Development

              Access the resource

                Resource Management and Fertility in Mexico’s Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve: Campos, Cash, and Contraception in the Lobster Fishing Village of Punta Allen

                This case study examines the link between marine resource management and the contraceptive use among married couples in the lobster-fishing village of Punta Allen, located in the Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Several reasons appear to contribute to small desired and actual family sizes, including a medical clinic staff effective in promoting family planning, cooperative and private resource ownership, changing cultural attitudes, geographical limitations to population and economic growth, and a desire to conserve the environment for aesthetic and economic motives.

                Year: 2008

                Source: Population and Environment

                Access the resource

                  Population Dynamics, Environment and Sustainable Development in Siaya County

                  Siaya County in Kenya’s Lake Victoria Basin is characterized by a rapidly growing population, high population density, water scarcity, falling food and fisheries production, and environmental degradation. The combined effects of climate change and rapid population growth are increasing food insecurity, environmental degradation, and poverty levels in the county. Siaya County’s Integrated Development Plan (CIDP) identifies population dynamics, environmental degradation, and climate change as key development challenges. These issues need to be linked in county policies and programs to ensure that projects that address them are implemented jointly. Addressing population growth, environmental degradation, and climate change together should be a top priority if Siaya County is to achieve sustainable development. The county government, donors and program implementers should develop policies and implement programs that integrate population dynamics, environment/climate change, and development.

                  Year: 2013

                  Source: PAI

                  Access the resource